Products from Oil
How does Oil affect the Environment? - Transport.
The High Temperature Combustion of Fossil Fuels
temperature combustion of fuel
(in petrol and diesel engines used in cars and lorries)
produces toxic gases in addition to carbon dioxide.
temperature combustion of
nitrogen in the air to react with oxygen producing toxic gases.
nitrogen + oxygen
N2(g) + O2(g) 2NO(g)
As well as being poisonous, nitrogen
monoxide is a
greenhouse gas. It reacts with oxygen in the air to
form nitrogen dioxide (NO2).
NO and NO2 together are called NOx.
NO also reacts with water and oxygen in the air to
form dilute nitric acid. This contributes to acid rain.
Petrol and diesel
engines also produce poisonous
carbon monoxide and release unburnt hydrocarbons.
All of this pollution is produced at ground level,
mainly in cities where road vehicles gather.
The obvious solution is to fit road vehicles with
electric motors rather than petrol or diesel engines.
One day this will happen. In the meantime,
exhausts are fitted with catalytic converters
in an attempt to minimize road vehicle pollution.
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Copyright © 2013 Dr. Colin France. All Rights Reserved.