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Products from Oil

The Fractional Distillation of Crude Oil.
What are the Properties of the Different Fractions?

The different hydrocarbon fractions obtained
from crude oil condense at different temperatures.

The larger the hydrocarbon molecule
(the more carbon atoms it has)

1) The higher the condensing temperature
(the higher the boiling point).

2) The more viscous it is (it takes longer to flow - like syrup).

3) The less volatile it is (it evaporates less quickly).

4) The less flammable it is (it does not set fire so easily).

from volatile hydrocarbons are more dense than air and
present a fire hazard at ground level. This is why ignition
(such as smoking) are not allowed at petrol stations.

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