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Acids and Alkalis
Salts made from an Acid and a Base.
oxides are bases. A base will neutralise an acid.
If the metal oxide dissolves in water
it forms hydroxide ions and is called an alkali.
Any chloride or sulfate
can be safely made by reacting
correct metal oxide with hydrochloric acid to make the chloride
or sulfuric acid to make the sulfate.
This is the balanced
equation for the reaction of
sulfuric acid and iron oxide.
acid + iron(II) oxide iron(II) sulfate + water
H2SO4(aq) + FeO(s) FeSO4(aq) + H2O(l)
This is the balanced chemical equation for the reaction of
hydrochloric acid and copper oxide.
hydrochloric acid + copper(II)
2HCl(aq) + CuO(s) CuCl2(aq) + H2O(l)
The base can be added a little bit at a time to the acid
and it will dissolve to form the soluble salt.
When no more base dissolves, the acid has been neutralised.
The undissolved base can be removed from the solution by filtration.
Pure salt crystals can then be crystallised from the neutral solution.
You can also use a carbonate to make salts in the same way.
Links Acids and Alkalis Revision Questions
gcsescience.com The Periodic Table Index Neutralisation Quiz gcsescience.com
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