Acids and Alkalis
Salts made from an Acid and a Carbonate.
An acid can be neutralised by a metal carbonate.
A carbonate can be an alkali or a base.
The metal carbonate will bubble giving off carbon dioxide gas
and the reaction makes the salt and water.
This can be used as a test to identify carbonate ions.
Any chloride or sulfate
can be safely made by reacting
correct metal carbonate with hydrochloric acid to make the chloride
or sulfuric acid to make the sulfate.
acid + zinc
carbonate zinc chloride + carbon dioxide
2HCl(aq) + ZnCO3(s) ZnCl2(aq) + CO2(g) + H2O(l)
acid + magnesium carbonate magnesium
carbon dioxide + water
2HCl(aq) + MgCO3(s) MgCl2(aq) + CO2(g) + H2O(l)
+ copper carbonate copper sulfate + carbon
dioxide + water
H2SO4(aq) + CuCO3(s) CuSO4(aq) + CO2(g) + H2O(l)
sulfuric acid +
calcium carbonate calcium sulfate + carbon
dioxide + water
H2SO4(aq) + CaCO3(s) CaSO4(aq) + CO2(g) + H2O(l)
Calcium carbonate is limestone. This reaction occurs with acid rain.
The carbonate can be added a little at a time to the acid.
It will bubble and dissolve to form the soluble salt.
When no more carbonate dissolves, the acid has been neutralised.
The undissolved carbonate can be removed from the solution by filtration.
Pure salt crystals can then be crystallised from the neutral solution.
You can also use a metal oxide to make salts in the same way.
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