Acids and Alkalis
The process of making a
solid come from a solution is
called precipitation. The solid itself is called a precipitate.
An insoluble salt (one
that doesn't dissolve)
can be made by reacting the appropriate soluble salt
with an acid or alkali or another salt.
For examples of precipitation, see tests for ions including
precipitation using the alkali sodium hydroxide
the barium chloride test for sulfate ions
and the silver nitrate test for bromide, chloride and iodide ions.
Precipitation reactions can be used to remove ions from water.
Sodium carbonate can be used to precipitate calcium carbonate.
This is a way of making hard water into soft water.
+ sodium carbonate calcium carbonate +
CaCl2(aq) + Na2CO3(aq) CaCO3(s) + 2NaCl(aq)
The ionic equation is Ca2+(aq) + CO32-(aq) CaCO3(s)
A precipitate can be separated from the solution by filtration.
The precipitate can then be left somewhere warm to dry.
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Copyright © 2012 Dr. Colin France. All Rights Reserved.