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The Haber Process
Uses and Raw Materials.
process is named after the German
Fritz Haber. It involves the industrial manufacture of
Ammonia from Nitrogen and Hydrogen gas.
Ammonia is used to make nitric acid,
which in turn reacts with ammonia to form ammonium nitrate.
Ammonium nitrate is a very important fertiliser.
Nitrogen is easily obtained from air by fractional
(Air is almost 80% nitrogen).
Hydrogen is obtained from methane (natural gas)
The hydrocarbon is reacted with steam.
carbon dioxide + hydrogen.
CH4(g) + 2H2O(g) CO2(g) + 4H2(g)
materials are therefore
air - for nitrogen,
methane and water - for hydrogen.
Links Reversible Reactions Revision Questions
gcsescience.com The Periodic Table Index Haber Process Quiz gcsescience.com
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