Products from Oil

The Fractional Distillation of Crude Oil.
Names and Uses of Different Fractions.

The hydrocarbon fractions are mainly alkanes used as fuels.

Name Number of
Carbon Atoms
Boiling Point
(°C)
Uses
Refinery Gas 3 or 4 below 30 Bottled Gas
(propane or butane).
Petrol 7 to 9 100 to 150 Fuel for car
engines
.
Naphtha 6 to 11 70 to 200 Solvents
and used in petrol.
Kerosene (paraffin) 11 to 18 200 to 300 Fuel for aircraft
and stoves.
Diesel Oil 11 to 18 200 to 300 Fuel for road vehicles
and trains.
Lubricating Oil 18 to 25 300 to 400 Lubricant for engines
and machines.
Fuel Oil 20 to 27 350 to 450 Fuel for ships
and heating.
Greases and Wax 25 to 30 400 to 500 Lubricants
and candles.
Bitumen above 35 above 500 Road surface
and roofing.

 

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