Products from Oil

Revision Questions

Fossil Fuels - Crude Oil - Hydrocarbons

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Fossil Fuels - Crude Oil
1 Name the three Fossil Fuels. Answer
2 What is the Original Source of Energy in Fossil Fuels? Answer
3 Are Fossil Fuels a Finite Resource? Answer
4 Are Fossil Fuels Renewable? Answer
5 What has Crude Oil come from? Answer
6 Under what Conditions has Crude Oil formed? Answer
7 What is Natural Gas mostly made from? Answer
8 Crude Oil is a mixture of mostly what type of Substance? Answer
9 Describe the Fractional Distillation of Crude Oil. Answer
10 Name the Fraction used as Fuel for Cars. Answer
11 Name the Fraction used as Fuel for Aircraft. Answer
12 Name the Fraction used as Fuel for Trains. Answer
13 Name the Fraction used for a Road Surface. Answer
14 Why is Cracking used? Answer
15 What type of reaction is Cracking? Answer
16 What Catalyst is used for Cracking? Answer


Hydrocarbons - Alkanes
17 What is a Hydrocarbon? Answer
18 How does the Boiling Point change as Hydrocarbons get Bigger? Answer
19 How does the Flammability change as Hydrocarbons get Bigger? Answer
20 Name the Alkane containing two Carbon Atoms. Answer
21 Name the Alkane containing three Carbon Atoms. Answer
22 Name the Alkane containing four Carbon Atoms. Answer
23 What does Homologous mean? Answer
24 What is the General Formula for an Alkane? Answer
25 What are Alkanes? Answer
26 Are Alkanes Saturated or Unsaturated? Answer
27 Draw a Dot and Cross diagram for a Methane Molecule. Answer
28 Draw the Structural Formula of a Methane Molecule. Answer
29 Draw the Structural Formula of a Propane Molecule. Answer
30 Draw the Structural Formula of a Butane Molecule. Answer
31 Draw the Structural Formula of an Octane Molecule. Answer
32 What are Alkanes mainly used as? Answer
  See also the section on Isomers below.  


Hydrocarbons - Alkenes
33 What is the General Formula for an Alkene? Answer
34 What are Alkenes? Answer
35 Are Alkenes Saturated or Unsaturated? Answer
36 Draw a Dot and Cross diagram for an Ethene Molecule. Answer
37 Draw the Structural Formula of an Ethene Molecule. Answer
38 Draw the Structural Formula of a Propene Molecule. Answer
39 Draw the Structural Formula of a Butene Molecule. Answer
40 Give one Use of an Alkene. Answer
41 How can Bromine Water distinguish between an Alkene and an Alkane? Answer
42 What is an Addition Reaction? Answer
43 What is the Main Source of Alkenes? Answer
  See also the section on Isomers below.  


Hydrocarbons - Cycloalkanes
44 What is the General Formula for a Cycloalkane? Answer
45 Are Cycloalkanes Saturated or Unsaturated? Answer
46 Draw the Structural Formula of a Cyclopropane Molecule. Answer
47 Draw the Structural Formula of a Cyclobutane Molecule. Answer
48 Draw the Structural Formula of a Cyclohexane Molecule. Answer


Hydrocarbons - Isomers
49 What are Isomers? Answer
50 Do Isomers have Different Physical Properties? Answer
51 How many Isomers does Butane have? Answer
52 Draw the Isomers of Butane. Answer
53 Does a Straight Chain or a Branched Chain have a Higher Boiling Point? Answer
54 What is the reason for the Higher Boiling Point? Answer
55 Draw the Isomers of Pentane. Answer
56 Does Changing the Shape of a Molecule produce a Different Isomer? Answer
57 Does Changing the Position of a Double Bond produce a Different Isomer? Answer
58 Draw the Isomers of Butene. Answer
59 There are five Isomers of Pentene. How many can you draw? Answer


Hydrocarbons - Combustion
60 What is a Combustion? Answer
61 Is Combustion a form of Oxidation or Reduction? Answer
62 Is Combustion Exothermic or Endothermic? Answer
63 What does Excess of Air mean? Answer
64 Write the Balanced Equation for the Complete Combustion of Methane. Answer
65 What Colour is the Flame? Answer
66 Write the Balanced Equation for the Complete Combustion of Ethane. Answer
67 What does Incomplete Combustion mean? Answer
68 What Colour is the Flame? Answer
69 Write the Balanced Equation for the Incomplete Combustion of Methane. Answer
70 What does Carbon Monoxide smell like? Answer
71 How does Carbon Monoxide Poison you? Answer

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