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Straight Chain - Branched Chain - Boiling Point.
What is a Straight Chain?
chain is made from carbon atoms which are
joined onto no more than two other carbon atoms.
What is a Branched Chain?
A branched chain
from carbon atoms
where at least one carbon* atom
is joined onto more than two other carbon atoms.
What are the Isomers of Butane?
Of the isomers of butane, n-butane has a
and 2-methylpropane has a
The two isomers have different boiling points
(and other physical properties).
n-butane has a higher boiling point than 2-methylpropane.
What is the Effect of Chain Branching on Boiling Point?
In general, straight
chain molecules have a higher
boiling point than isomers with a branched chain.
The reason is that straight chain molecules can
line up beside each other more effectively
than branched chain molecules and therefore
have a higher intermolecular force of attraction.
In addition to straight
chains and branched chains,
carbon atoms can form rings.
Links Hydrocarbons Revision Questions
gcsescience.com The Periodic Table Index Hydrocarbons Quiz gcsescience.com
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