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What is Resistance?
Resistance is a measure of how much a component
decreases the current (see resistor).
The bigger the resistance, the smaller the current.
Resistance is measured in ohms (symbol Ω).
See how to calculate the resistance of a component.
What is Ohm's Law?
The very important equation
voltage = current x resistance V = I x R
is an expression of ohm's law.
resistance of a component is
means it stays the same) then a plot (graph) of
current against voltage will be a straight line. The gradient
(slope) of the line shows how big the resistance is.
A test circuit is used to find
how the current through a
component changes as the voltage changes.
Below is a plot for two components that obey ohm's law.
The component with the blue line shows a smaller
current flowing and therefore has a bigger resistance.
Wires and resistors are examples of components that
obey ohm's law. To be precise, a component
will only obey ohm's law at constant temperature.
In reality, an increase
in current through
a component will increase its temperature and
so ohm's law is only an approximation
but it works quite well for many components.
See the theory of electrical resistance.
lamps and thermistors
examples of components that do not obey ohm's law.
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