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What is the Structure of a Giant Molecule?
What is the Structure of Diamond and Silicon?
Diamond is a form of the element carbon - see also graphite.
In the picture of diamond above, each blue ball represents
a carbon atom. The structure has billions
of atoms forming hexagons and extends in all directions.
of the covalent
bonds in diamond are
It forms a giant molecular structure.
A crystal of diamond is one giant molecule!
bonds in diamond are very strong.
It is the hardest naturally occurring material
and is used in machine cutting tools.
Diamond does not conduct electricity (unlike graphite).
Silicon (used in microchips for computers) has the
same structure, with each blue ball being a silicon atom.
dioxide (SiO2) is
sand (also called silica).
SiO2 has a similar structure and also forms a giant molecule.
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