gcsescience.com                                       53                                       gcsescience.com

Products from Oil

The Reaction of Propanoic Acid with Alcohols to make Esters.

Propanoic acid will react with alcohols in the presence of
concentrated sulfuric acid, to form esters.
Concentrated sulfuric acid
is a catalyst for this reaction.

methanol   +  propanoic acid  arrow  methyl propanoate  +  water.
CH3OH(aq)  +  C2H5CO2H(aq)  arrow   C2H5CO2CH3(aq)  +   H2O(l)

The structure of methyl propanoate.
methyl propanoate ester


ethanol   +    propanoic acid    arrow   ethyl propanoate + water.
C2H5OH(aq)  +   C2H5CO2H(aq)   arrow  C2H5CO2C2H5(aq)H2O(l)

The structure of ethyl propanoate.
ethyl propanoate ester


propanol      +   propanoic acid  arrow  propyl propanoate  +  water.
C3H7OH(aq)   +   C2H5CO2H(aq)  arrow  C2H5CO2C3H7(aq)   +  H2O(l)

The structure of propyl propanoate.
propyl propanoate ester


butanol    +   propanoic acid    arrow   butyl propanoate   +   water.
C4H9OH(aq)C2H5CO2H(aq)  arrow   C2H5CO2C4H9(aq)  +  H2O(l)

The structure of butyl propanoate.
butyl propanoate ester

back          Links          Esters          Revision Questions          next

gcsescience.com     The Periodic Table     Index     Esters Quiz     gcsescience.com

Home      GCSE Chemistry      GCSE Physics

Copyright © 2015 gcsescience.com. All Rights Reserved.