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Water - Solubility - Ions

Tests for Ions

How can Ions be Detected?

Positive Ions

Flame Tests
Lithium        Sodium        Potassium        Calcium        Barium        Copper

Precipitate with Sodium Hydroxide
Ammonium        Aluminium        Calcium        Magnesium        Copper        Iron

Negative Ions

Carbonate     Sulfite     Sulfate

Bromide     Chloride     Iodide     Nitrate


Instrumental Methods
used to Identify Elements and Compounds


Collecting and Testing for Gases


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